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Advanced Ruby: percent-literals

most used %-literals:

% code result description
%q %q(all `quotes` 'are' "ok") "all `quotes` 'are' \"ok\"" creates String
%r %r(i_am/a/regexp) /i_am\/a\/regexp/ creates Regexp
%w %w(abc def ghi) ["abc", "def", "ghi"] splits string into Array
%x %x(ls -a /tmp) ".\n..\nfile1\nfile2\n" alias of `cmd`

highlighted

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%q(all `quotes` 'are' "ok") => "all `quotes` 'are' \"ok\""

%r(i_am/a/regexp)           => /i_am\/a\/regexp/

%w(abc def ghi)             => ["abc", "def", "ghi"]

%x(ls -a /tmp)              => ".\n..\nfile1\nfile2\n"

interpolation

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# lowercase 'w': as-is
%w'a #{2+2} b' => ["a", "\#{2+2}", "b"] 

# uppercase 'W': interpolate
%W'a #{2+2} b' => ["a", "4", "b"] 

# lowercase 'q': as-is
%q'a #{2+2} b' => "a \#{2+2} b" 

# uppercase 'Q': interpolate
%Q'a #{2+2} b' => "a 4 b" 

other %-literals

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# %s: convert to symbol
%s'foo' => :foo 

# %i: convert to array of symbols - not released yet, will be in Ruby 2.0 ?
%i'foo bar baz' => [:foo, :bar, :baz]

# '%' w/o any letter - alias for %Q
%'a #{2+2} b' => "a 4 b"

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